Key server software written by Michael Graff <>
For an English version of this text please send a mail with a subject line of "HELP" to, or access the URL
For aa faa dette dokumentet paa norsk, send "HELP NO" til
Fuer eine deutschsprachige Fassung dieses Textes senden Sie eine Mail mit dem Subject "HELP DE" an die folgende Adresse
Para obtener una versisn en castellano de este texto, envme un mail a pgp con el "Subject" HELP ES
Saadaksesi taman tekstin suomeksi, laheta osoitteeseen tyhja viesti, jonka Subject-kentta on "HELP FI".
Za hrvatsku verziju ovoga teksta posaljite poruku koja ce u Subject imati "HELP HR" na adresu
For at faa en dansk version af denne text skal du sende en e-mail med en subject-tekst: "HELP DK" til eller slaa op paa URL
Pro ziskani ceske verze tohoto textu poslete prosim e-mail se "Subject& quot; radkou "HELP CZ" na adresu, nebo pristupte na URL htt p://

PGP Public Email Keyservers

There are PGP public email key servers which allow one to exchange public keys running using the Internet and UUCP mail systems. Those capable of accessing the WWW might prefer to use the WWW interface and managers of sites which may want to make frequent lookups may care to copy the full keyring from the FTP server

This service exists only to help transfer keys between PGP users. It does NOT attempt to guarantee that a key is a valid key; use the signatures on a key for that kind of security.

Each keyserver processes requests in the form of mail messages. The commands for the server are entered on the Subject: line. Note that they should NOT be included in the body of the message.

        Subject: help
Sending your key to ONE server is enough. After it processes your key, it will forward your ADD request to other servers automagically.

For example, to add your key to the keyserver, or to update your key if it is already there, send a message similar to the following to any server:

	Subject: add

	Version: 2.6

COMPROMISED KEYS: Create a Key Revocation Certificate (read the PGP docs on how to do that) and mail your key to the server once again, with the ADD command.

Valid commands are:

Command                Result

HELP Returns this message HELP country Localized help text (DE, EN, ES, FI, FR, HR, NO) ADD Add PGP public key from the body of your message INDEX [1] List all PGP keys the server knows about (-kv) INDEX userid List all PGP keys containing userid (-kv) VERBOSE INDEX [1] List all PGP keys, verbose format (-kvv) VERBOSE INDEX userid Verbose list of all keys containing userid (-kvv) GET [1] Get the whole public key ring (split) GET userid Get just that one key (-kxa) MGET regexp [2,3] Get all keys which match /regexp/ regexp must be at least two characters long LAST days [3] Get the keys updated in the last `days' days
    These commands return an enormous amount of information, be careful! Not all mail systems can handle messages of that size, in which case these massive messages will bounce back to the keyserver. They also probably contain more information than you ever want or need. Here are the current sizes as of 1997/02/28, expect them to grow pretty fast: Most likely the returned information will be mostly useless to you, so please use these commands in their "userid" variation, decreasing the message size and the hassle for your mail administrator and the keyserver administrator, and will be increasing the value for you.

    NOTE: PGP is extremely slow when operating on large keyrings. Adding the full ring of the keyserver to your own ring will take several *DAYS* to complete.

    If you *REALLY* need the whole index file or key ring, *PLEASE* ftp it from a key server such as `' or one of the national servers.

    Here are some examples of MGET commands:
            MGET michael             Gets all keys which have "michael" in them
            MGET iastate             All keys which contain "iastate"
            MGET E8F605A5|5F3E38F5   Those two keyid's
    One word about regexps: These are not the same as the wildcards Unix shells and MSDOS uses. a * isn't ``match anything'' it means ``match zero or more of the previous character'' like:
            a.*  matches anything beginning with an a
            ab*c matches ac, abc, abbc, etc.
    Just try not to use ``MGET .*'' -- use ``GET'' instead.
    Some keyservers have a limit on the number of keys they return in "MGET" or "LAST" queries, in order not to swamp you with too many keys in case you made a typo.
Users should normally use the email address ``'', or your national servers using one of: for the email interface, and ``'' for FTP access.